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不饱和聚酯树脂的发展历程

发布时间:2016-07-02

不饱和聚酯树脂制品在第二次世界大战以前尚处于研制开发阶段,大战期间首先应用于军事航空领域,在1941年,美国科研人员用丙烯醇去的不饱和性质的丙烯基树脂,有用顺丁烯二酸和反丁烯二酸去的不饱和性质的聚酯。次年,用玻璃布增强制得第一批聚酯玻璃钢雷达天线罩。其质量轻便、强度高、透微波性能好,制造简便,迅速用于战争,现实了其优异的性能。
Unsaturated polyester resin before the second world war was still in the stage of research and development, war first used in military aviation field, in 1941, American researchers with propylene glycol unsaturated nature of allyl resin, useful maleic acid and fumaric acid to the nature of the unsaturated polyester. The following year, with glass cloth reinforced made the first batch of polyester FRP radome. Its light quality, high strength, through microwave performance is good, easy manufacture, rapidly used in war, the reality of their excellent performance.
 战后,不饱和聚酯树脂推广到民用,并迅速普及到西欧、日本、前苏联及世界各国。1950年以后,玻璃钢制品一直是不饱和聚酯树脂的主要用途,1957年聚酯的浇铸应用有了新的突破,开始用于生产“珍珠”纽扣。1959年以后又应用于制造大理石树脂、人造玛瑙以及地板与路面铺覆材料,应用日益广泛。
After the war, unsaturated polyester resin to civil, and quickly spread to Western Europe, Japan, the former Soviet union and countries around the world. After 1950, fiberglass products has always been the main purpose of the unsaturated polyester resin, polyester casting and application of a new breakthrough in 1957, began to used in the production of "pearl" button. After 1959 and applied to manufacturing resin marble, man-made agate and floor and pavement cladding material, the application is becoming more and more widely.
中国不饱和聚酯树脂的发展较迟。50世纪50年代,在北京、天津、上海等地已经有了不饱和聚酯树脂的研究与生产。60年代初期常州建材二五三厂引进了英国斯高特—巴德尔公司的工艺与设备,对推动中国聚酯树脂工业和玻璃钢工业的发展起到了一定的作用,到了70年代初期,玻璃钢制品开始由军工到民用,得到了较快的推广,玻璃钢化工管道、耐腐蚀容器、槽罐、玻璃钢船艇、汽车、客车、冷藏车部件,冷却塔,空调设备,耐酸泵及管道配件,玻璃钢建筑板材、屋面波形瓦、温室透明瓦、装饰板,玻璃钢活动房子,夹层建筑,电工绝缘板、管、棒,玻璃钢机器零件、外壳等制品达到数百种,其应用日益深入到国民经济各个领域。
The development of China unsaturated polyester resin is relatively late. In the 4950 s, in Beijing, tianjin, Shanghai and other places have research and production of unsaturated polyester resin. Changzhou the early 60 s building materials factory is introduced, UK, 253 high - technology and equipment of bader company, to promote the development of China polyester resin and FRP industry played a role, in the early 70 s, fiberglass products start from military to civilian, got a rapid promotion, glass fiber reinforced plastic chemical pipelines, corrosion resistant containers, tank, FRP boats, cars, buses, refrigerator parts, cooling towers, air-conditioning equipment, acid proof pump and pipe fittings, glass fiber reinforced plastic material, greenhouse transparent roof corrugated tile, tile, decorating plate, glass fiber reinforced plastic house, sandwich construction, electrical insulation board, tubes, rods, glass fiber reinforced plastic machine parts, shell and other products to hundreds of species, its application is becoming more and more into the various fields of national economy.
 20世纪80年代以后,国内不少科研与生产单位从国外引进了不饱和聚酯树脂技术以及大量玻璃钢生产技术和设备,是的中国不饱和聚酯树脂水平日益提高。

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